The Importance of Proper Water Well Construction and Maintenance

In America, there are a lot of households in reliance on water well as their water supply. That number amounts to more than 15 million! Survival is difficult in places that don’t have a good supply of surface water, which is why wells are so important.

Prior to a century ago, wells were hand-dug. Nowadays, well drilling services are replacing the way they once were dug. Once dug, it has a non submersible well pump that pushes the water against the surface. This in-line well pump is capable of pumping the water but cannot carry it over the pump above 30 feet. This is why a deep well requires an electronic pump to carry the water.

Once the well is constructed it will need an on-demand well pump. This pump is switched on when it identifies a decrease in water pressure.

Maintaining well water is ultimately the responsibility of the homeowner. Part of this maintenance is ensuring there is nothing contaminating the water. In order to ensure the water’s drinkability, the pH needs to be neutralized. A water treatment system can do this by providing bacteria-killing chlorine to the well water to neutralize the pH levels.

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Over 15 million of American households rely on private ground water wells for their water. In areas where surface water is scarce, many people wouldn’t be able to survive without wells.

Wells have been used as a means of securing life sustaining water for more than 10,000 years. Up until one hundred years ago, the vast majority of these wells were dug by hand. Today, well digging by hand has been replaced by well drilling services.

The construction of a well

To drill a well, drill rigs are mounted on large trucks. Rotary drill bits or percussion bits are used to chew away at or smash through the rock. If the ground is soft enough, large auger bits (which look like man-sized screws) can be used to drill through the softer muck. These wells will often be dug over 1,000 feet deep, and contain a pump to help push the water towards the surface. A pump can pump water up hundreds of feet, but it can’t lift it much higher than 30 feet above the pump. As such, hand pumps are only applicable for shallow wells. In a deeper well, you’ll need to install an electric pump. Electrical pumps will have a shut-off power switch.

This electric pump will be connected to a pressure switch. The pressure switch will have a high and low psi cut-off. The pressure switch reads the pressure of the water via a pipe that connects to the water supply. The switch will tell the pump when to turn on and off based on the psi.

So that the pump doesn’t have to constantly kick on and off, water tanks are installed in the basement of homes. The water tank will have an air bladder inside with a valve of the same type as used on automobile tires so you can adjust the air inside the bladder. The bladder will be set slightly below the psi of your system.

Maintaining a well

After a well digging and drilling service has built your well, it’s up to you as the homeowner to maintain it. You’ll need to ensure surface water or other contaminating materials can’t infiltrate your well and aquifer. Each and every well owner contributes to protecting our groundwater quality. Nearly one-third of the Earth’s freshwater – – around 2.78 million trillion gallons – – is groundwater. It’s important that all well owners are aware of the regulations governing the maintenance of their well. For instance:

  • Pay attention to any changes in taste, color, or odor of the water in your well. Water which smells is often a sign of sulfur contamination. In addition to altering the smell and taste of your water, sulfur can corrode your plumbing. If you suspect sulfur contamination, have your well purified.
  • Check your water tank hasn’t become water logged. You’ll be able to tell if your water tank has become water logged if your pump is cycling on more often or water begins leaking from the tank. if your water tank is water logged, you’ll have to replace the water tank.
  • Prevent surface water contamination by mounding earth around the outside of your well. The best well digging services will ensure they leave you not only with a functional well, but also with one that isn’t prone to contamination. Ensure your well drilling service creates a mound around your well’s surface to keep out contaminates.
  • Test your well regularly for bacteria, chemicals, and nitrate-nitrogen. Bacteria testing should be completed at least three times a year or more often if your well is shallow. You should check for nitrate-nitrogen once a year.
  • Plug and seal any unused wells. If you have a well that’s no longer being used, contact a water well sealing service to have it sealed. Water well sealing protects the aquifer from contamination. An unsealed unused well can pose a health hazard to humans, livestock, and wildlife alike. There are numerous regulations that must be adhered to when sealing a well, as such it’s important that you contract with a licensed water well sealing service.

Maintaining your water well is an important responsibility of well owners. From ensuring proper construction to seeking a water well sealing service for any unused wells, it’s up to each well owner to keep our water supply pure.

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